October 8, 2016

Despite the hurricanes, I miss the south and my place in North Florida. I'm wishing the best for those in the storm zone and praying that the electricity comes back on for everyone as soon as possible. Stay safe and be good and grow. Jack

New Plant Profile

trident maple Trident maple (Acer buergerianum) is a rather small, wide spreading, deciduous tree, reaching up to 20-30 ft (6-9 m) tall with a similar spread. The handsome foliage turns orange and red in autumn. Leafless in winter, the exfoliating bark reveals multiple shades of brown and gray and makes this little specimen tree appealing in all seasons. Trident maple makes a handsome specimen in a small landscape and for outdoor container culture, including bonsai in USDA Zones 5 to 9. Read profile . Read about these other maple (Acer) species profiled at Floridata:

red maple The swamp or red maple (Acer rubrum) is a native of the eastern United States. It and it's named cultivars and hybrids are popular trees for landscape because they are readily available, easy to grow and colorful autumn leaves. The cultivar in this picture is called 'Embers', it was selected for it particularly pretty dark red fall foliage.

hedge maple The field or hedge maple (Acer campestre) is a slow growing small deciduous tree with a dense rounded crown. In its native British Isles, this species grow as part of the tall hedgerows along country lanes and so is also commonly called hedge maple. Read more about this slow-growing tree for use as specimens, hedges and screens in USDA Zones 4-8.

Freaky Fall Fruits

camphor tree From a distance the camphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora) is a handsome species but it suffers from a number of problems and should not be cultivated in the US. It produces large crops of seeds - the reason it is "invading and disrupting native plant communities in Florida." Read more »

tung oil tree Tung trees (Aleurites fordii) were once grown commercially in parts of the Deep South. Tung oil, extracted from the "nuts", was an important industrial commodity that lost its importance with the invention of synthetic polymers and plastics. Tung trees have escaped cultivation and are sometimes seen growing in colonies along fencerows in locations where they were once cultivated. Read more »

tallow tree The tallow tree (Sapium sebiferum) is a showy little deciduous species that produces waxy fruits that are flammable! Planted as an ornamental in some warm-winter climates, tallow tree proved to be an invasive pest. Though the leaves may be pretty in autumn but it is a noxious weed in most places and should not be planted. Read more »

Here is a collection of links to profiles of a sampler of species that are causing disruptions of native plant communities in both northern and southern climates (sadly, this list is far from complete):

Fine Fruit

'Maki Jiro' Japanese Persimmon There are dozens of Japanese persimmon (Diospyros kaki) varieties and all are delicious (providing they are ripe)! I have one of these in my yard in Florida and they are ripening right about now. Click to download a large version of the 'Maki Jiro' image or visit the Japanese persimmon profile's Image Gallery to see other varieties.

muscadine grapes At this time of year down in Florida, I enjoy my neighbor's meticulously maintained planting of muscadine (Vitis rotundifolia) grapes - mostly just by looking but sometimes by tasting. I can't give you a taste but if you   click here to download a large version (800x600) you can enjoy seeing this beautiful bunch of muscadines on your desktop.

Autumn Leaves

sweetgum  leaves Sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua) is a handsome North American native that tolerates a range of soil conditions (including wet conditions), is seldom bothered by pests, and its leaves make a colorful autumn display - even in the Deep South. However, the spiny dangleball fruits are a bummer to clean up and even worse to step on in bare feet. One exception is the variety 'Rotondifolia' in the photo - it is a sterile variety (no dangleballs!) with unusual rounded leaves.

turkey oak Depending on weather, the little southern turkey oak (Quercus laevis) will have brilliant scarlet leaves one autumn and dull red-brown leaves the next. But there are many other species that gardeners in the Deep South can plant that will produce spectacular fall foliage displays most every year. More tree species with colorful autumn leaves for The South:

Fall Foliage Plant List icon Visit Floridata's Master Plant List with filter set to Fall Foliage Plants to see more species whose leaves turn in autumn.

Flowering Plants of Hawaii

Plants of HawaiiThe Hawaiian Islands are home to an array of native plant species that has attracted the attention of botanists, naturalists, horticulturists and world travelers ever since Europeans first visited the islands near the end of the 18th century. Read more »

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cosmos I had a couple extra seeds of 'Sensation Mix' cosmos (Cosmos bipinnatus) a few years ago. I tossed them into a planter on the balcony and forgot about them. A single seed germinated, grew into a huge plant and became the star attraction of that year's balcony garden. Click here to download a large version (800x600) of this image.

orange cosmos This year I found a stray packet of orange cosmos (Cosmos sulphureus) seeds and planted a few. In late summer they in my garden will have a sudden growth spurt (some get 7 feet tall!). Then they burst into full bloom creating a colorful mini-jungle. This annual is very easy to grow and attracts swarms of bees and butterflies for food and fun.

chocolate cosmos Unlike the above annual Cosmos species, the chocolate cosmos (Cosmos atrosanguineus) is a perennial. Butterflies also like this beauty which is another good reason for plant one or some!

Cool Weather Flowers

stock When I lived in North Florida I often planted stock (Matthiola incana) in the fall. The fancy double-flowered 'Harmony Series' are really pretty and, like all stocks, has a sweet, spicy fragrance. I planted it near the back door and enjoyed the sweet stock perfume that lingered in the cool air whenever I left the house.

Icelandic poppy The Icelandic poppy (Papaver nudicaule) is another of my favorite cool season annuals. The brilliantly colored, almost translucent flower petals glow in sunlight like stained glass. They look extremely delicate but I'm always surprised at how durable they are after encounters with rowdy puppies and heavy footed deer. I always plant them in the winter when I'm at my garden in North Florida and they're always spectacular.

Master Plant List

Click here to find plants in our Encyclopedia using the Master Plant List grid. Use this widget to search, sort and filter Floridata's plant database to easily locate Plant Profile pages. Use the dropdown menus to filter the grid to display items matching the selected Plant Type and Feature tags.

Plant Type Tags

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Feature Tags

Attracts Birds
Attracts butterflies
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Edible Plants
Cutting and Arranging
for pots and containers
drought tolerant plants
grows in wet soils
ornamental fruits
fall color
foliage plants
easy to grow plants
fast growing

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Southern Favorites

orchid cactus The orchid cactus (Epiphyllum spp.) is a tropical epiphyte whose genus is comprised of more than a dozen species and hundreds of hybrids. At my place in Tallahassee, Fl (Zone 8), I had one growing outdoors on the porch. It sheltered indoors during hard freezes but otherwise took care of itself. I miss my orchid cactus (it's found a good home growing down the side of a friend's barn).

Pinecone Ginger A favorite pass-along plant in The South and other warm climate regions is the pinecone ginger (Zingiber zerumbet), called awapuhi in Hawaii). It is known around the world as the "shampoo ginger" for the milky substance in the cones - it is actually used as a shampoo in Asia and Hawaii, and as an ingredient in several commercial shampoos.

Fall Bulbs 4 Spring Flowers

daffodils Plant bulbs like daffodils (those are 'Ice Follies' daffodils in the photo), tulips and hyacinths this fall (now!) for beautiful flowers next spring. Those living in the Deep South and similar warm climates have best success with the daffodils (Narcissus spp., includes jonquils, narcissus, etc.). Read the article and then check out Floridata's Narcissus spp. Profile.

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